The LBK Ritual-Burial Complex from Nezvis'ko, Western Ukraine

Archaeological and historical research on cultures with potential links to Indo-European peoples.
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cquiles
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The LBK Ritual-Burial Complex from Nezvis'ko, Western Ukraine

Post by cquiles » Fri Aug 18, 2017 5:29 pm

The LBK Ritual-Burial Complex from Nezvis'ko, Western Ukraine, by Maciej Dębiec from the book Something Out of the Ordinary? Interpreting Diversity in the Early Neolithic Linearbandkeramik and Beyond (Cambridge Scholars Publishing 2016).

https://www.academia.edu/24464357/2016. ... rn_Ukraine
The analysis of the grave and associated remains uncovered at Nezvis'ko allows us to formulate some general comments and proposals concerning not only the burial rites, but also the social relations within LBK communities. Nezvis'ko is a unique situation, where owing to the accumulation of river deposits the original ground surface was preserved, and all the artefacts (not only from the grave) can be considered as found
in situ. This is an extraordinary stroke of luck, as it is assumed that in general, erosion could have removed as much as 1.5–2 m of soil on most LBK sites, thereby destroying the original walking surface (Schalich 1988, 23). In addition, this is the richest burial in terms of ceramic inventory within the LBK as a whole.

So far, we have not found structures similar to those in Nezvis'ko, or the remains of similar rituals, elsewhere in the LBK. Constructions in the form of huts were recorded at a cemetery in Sondershausen, but there a grave was located in the centre of a posthole construction, which was regarded as a house of the dead, or Totenhütte in German (Kahlke 2004, 65–66). Moreover, there are also remains of individual posts relating to particular graves within the cemetery of Rixheim/Moulhouse Est (Peschel 1992, fig. 68). At Nezvis’ko, stone was also used for building the construction, which is unique in the whole LBK.

There was a very clear and strictly enforced separation of foods in terms of their origin (plants and animals), probably during food preparation and certainly during the disposal of post-consumption waste. A clear preference for food coming from the meat of domesticated animals, rather than wild ones, is also observed. It is difficult to determine unambiguously whether these divisions were also important in classifying people within the LBK community in terms of who could deal with, prepare, and consume certain kinds of food. Traditions concerning the avoidance or prohibition of certain kinds of food are also widespread today and are important in religious behaviour or in creating one's own distinctiveness and cultural identity.

All archaeological data obtained at the site indicate that the person buried at Nezvis'ko was very important and enjoyed a high social status. Evidence for depositing and destroying objects may also indicate a rivalry within the LBK community and an attempt to gain higher status by individuals or a group of people. This shows the changes in the social structure of the LBK in its middle phase.
Carlos Quiles - Academia Prisca

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