Version: 1.16 (9 March 2019)
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.
A Game of Clans: collectores venatoresque, agricolae pastoresque and A Clash of Chiefs: rex militaris, rex sacrorum are the second and third volumes respectively of a series of books called A Song of Sheep and Horses, which includes linguistic data in the first volume, A Song of Sheep and Horses, and supplementary maps and graphics in volume 4, A Storm of Hordes.
These two volumes address the Proto-Indo-European Urheimat or homeland problem from a wide anthropological perspective, using archaeology and cultural and biological anthropology. More specifically, it integrates the most recent genetic research with the prevalent anthropological theories on migration routes from the Mesolithic to the Bronze Age.
Beyond a precise physical location of North-West Indo-Europeans, Late Proto-Indo-Europeans, and Uralians, archaeology and population genomics can offer important hints about the actual material culture, society, economy, religious beliefs, and political organization of each of these ancestral groups.
Both volumes represent a thorough revision of the essay Indo-European demic diffusion model (see below).
Read online or download
- PDF (View Online / Medium Quality), Bookmarked, in Color v. 1.16 (13 MB):
- HTML for online reading:
- Automatic translation by Google Translate:
- Български • Čeština • Dansk • Deutsch • Français • Español • فارسی • Ελληνικά • Hrvatski • हिन्दी • Italiano • Latviešu • Lietuvių • Magyar • Nederlands • Norsk • Polski • Português • Română • Русский • Slovenski • Slovenský • Српски • Suomi • Svenska • Türkçe • Українська.
- More languages: You can select one of these languages and then select another available language from the dropdown menu of Google Translate;
- or manually paste the Table of Contents HTML site to the Translation box.
- Files for tablets and phones:
You can share comments and corrections of any kind in form (spelling, expressions, sources) or content directly with the author at firstname.lastname@example.org, or you can share them publicly in the appropriate forum thread for discussion. Changes will be made as soon as possible after notification:
- 9 MAR 2019 :: (v. 1.16) New data on Sahara Neolithic. New date for Hajji Firuz outlier (now BA).
- 6 MAR 2019 :: (v. 1.15) Additions and corrections related to the latest analysis of data from Wang et al. (2018). New information from recent archaeological and genetic papers. Images to illustrate certain sections.
- 7 FEB 2019 :: (v. 1.1) Additions of information from latest papers and genomic data, as well as new images of steppe/steppe-forest regions.
- 23 JAN 2019 :: (v. 1.09) Minor corrections to sections on Indo-Europeans and Uralians; added new data to East and West Semites and Greeks and Philistines.
- 21 JAN 2019 :: (v. 1.08) Minor formal corrections; additions/corrections to sections on Uralic/IE; two images (BBC-CWC burials and Amesbury archer) added.
- 19 JAN 2019 :: (v. 1.07) Minor changes to Introduction; formal corrections to other sections (use of dashes, punctuation, etc.).
- 18 JAN 2019 :: (v. 1.06) Minor formal corrections.
- 17 JAN 2019 :: (v. 1.05) Minor formal corrections to section on Nostratians and Old Europeans.
- 15 JAN 2019 :: (v. 1.04) Numeration error section VIII.3; reference to SNP call in Balto-Slavic; correct name of cover image for Book 3.
- 3 JAN 2019 :: (v. 1.03) Minor additions (references, details) in the section on Proto-Anatolians; numeration error section .
- 2 JAN 2019 :: (v. 1.02) Minor errors in the section on Proto-Anatolians.
- 1 JAN 2019:: (v. 1.01) Section Ugric and Samoyedic lacked numbering.
Older version: Indo-European demic diffusion model
Version:3.5 (29 October 2017)
Read the latest version, bookmarked and linked, with proper illustrations, at the official, collaborative website indo-european.info.
- The official Wiki collaborative website indo-european.info
- You can also view and download the high-resolution migration maps
Third version, September 2017
- Download PDF v.3.0 (81.7MB), from indo-european.info, the official download site
- Academia.edu (v. 3.0)
- ResearchGate (v. 3.0)
Second version (with first revision), June 2017
- PDF, Bookmarked, in Color v. 2.1 (35.3MB):
- PDF, Bookmarked, in Color v. 2.0 (35.1MB):
The first version of February 2017 (before the publication of the Bell Beaker and Southeastern samples) is also available:
- PDF, Bookmarked, in Color v. 1.0 (93.9 Mb):
Latest Revisions to the Indo-European demic diffusion model
Please share corrections you wish to make in the Forum for discussion
- 29/10/2017 :: (v. 3.5) Minor revision of the paper. Corrected information on PCA. Updated information on Sredni Stog. Certain maps updated. New research added.
- 18/9/2017 :: (v. 3.0) Full revision of the paper. Updated information on admixture. Maps updated. New sections.
- 10/6/2017 :: (v. 2.1) Minor corrections. Added information on Bell Beakers and Germanic.
- 29/5/2017 :: (v. 2) Full revision of the paper. Added information on Bell Beaker and South-East European samples from recent papers and BioRxiv. Important changes to haplogroup nomenclature and maps.