June 4, 2017

Indo-European demic diffusion model

Version:3.5 (29 October 2017)

Creative Commons License
Indo-European demic diffusion model
by Carlos Quiles
is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.

Based on a work at indo-european.info


The Indo-European demic diffusion model addresses the Proto-Indo-European Urheimat or homeland problem from a wide anthropological perspective, using linguistics, archaeology, as well as cultural and biological anthropology. More specifically, it integrates the most recent genetic research (including admixture analyses and SNP investigation) with the prevalent anthropological theories on migration routes from Neolithic and Chalcolithic cultures of the Pontic-Caspian steppe.

Careful cross-disciplinary investigation of ancient DNA samples recently published supports a demic diffusion model for the expansion of Indo-European-speaking peoples.

Read online or download

Read the latest version, bookmarked and linked, with proper illustrations, at the official, collaborative website indo-european.info.

Older versions

Third version, September 2017

Second version (with first revision), June 2017

The first version of February 2017 (before the publication of the Bell Beaker and Southeastern samples) is also available:

Latest Revisions to the Indo-European demic diffusion model

Please share corrections you wish to make in the Forum for discussion

  • 29/10/2017 :: (v. 3.5) Minor revision of the paper. Corrected information on PCA. Updated information on Sredni Stog. Certain maps updated. New research added.
  • 18/9/2017 :: (v. 3.0) Full revision of the paper. Updated information on admixture. Maps updated. New sections.
  • 10/6/2017 :: (v. 2.1) Minor corrections. Added information on Bell Beakers and Germanic.
  • 29/5/2017 :: (v. 2) Full revision of the paper. Added information on Bell Beaker and South-East European samples from recent papers and BioRxiv. Important changes to haplogroup nomenclature and maps.