Current Version: 8.0 (21 Feb 2021)
Late Proto-Indo-European Etymological Lexicon
by Fernando López-Menchero
is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.
Based on a work at academiaprisca.org
The Late Proto-Indo-European Etymological Lexicon is the result of 20 years of constant work by Fernando López-Menchero. It covers core vocabulary of the reconstructed Late Proto-Indo-European language, unlike most dictionaries and lexica available, which are centred on the reconstruction of Middle Proto-Indo-European (or Indo-Hittite) roots. This work sets the standard of excellence for Late Proto-Indo-European lexicography, with more than 4000 words and thousands of potential derivatives, hundreds of explanatory notes – including Indo-Hittite roots, word origins, and conjugation or declension categories and help. With a clear emphasis on North-West Indo-European vocabulary, it provides the most comprehensive and accurate coverage for a Modern Indo-European language revival. Thousands of cognates from ancient languages complement this work for its use in Indo-European studies.
The detailed English/Latin – Proto-Indo-European lexicon has been compiled for years in an Excel file:
- The Late Proto-Indo-European Etymological Lexicon, v.8 original Excel file (1.25 Mb), with all content for reference, offers detailed descriptions of the reconstructed PIE words and its correct usage.
- The Late Proto-Indo-European Etymological Lexicon, v.8 printed PDF file (4.4 Mb).
- The Late Proto-Indo-European Etymological Lexicon, v.8 online access to Excel and PDF files through Google Drive.
Version 7 (2019) formats
- The Late Proto-Indo-European Etymological Lexicon, v.7 original Excel file (2.5 Mb), with all content for reference, offers detailed descriptions of the reconstructed PIE words and its correct usage.
- The Late Proto-Indo-European Etymological Lexicon, v.7 online access to Excel file through Google Drive.
Version 6 (2017) formats
Version 6 is provided in its original format, or divided in two PDF files:
- The Late Proto-Indo-European Etymological Lexicon, original Excel file (2.2 Mb), with all content for reference, offers detailed descriptions of the reconstructed PIE words and its correct usage.
- The English/Latin – Proto-Indo-European lexicon (2.6 Mb), a dictionary for quick reference.
- The Proto-Indo-European Etymology (4.3 Mb), which offers derivatives and relatives of the reconstructed PIE words in the different branches.
Also available for quick reference are the Indo-European Dictionary-Translator tool for Proto-Indo-European – English, English – Proto-Indo-European machine translation and dictionary reference tool. A Latin version (for a higher precision of the original meaning) is also available, and an automatic translation of the English meanings has been published in the German version .
Indo-European word formation paradigm, demonstratives, pronouns
Up-to-date versions of these files are included in the latest edition of the Modern Indo-European Grammar
Please note: the first versions of these files, outdated, were released in 2009 and are displayed in Google Sites
Tentative Modern Indo-European word formation
Before the collaboration of Fernando López-Menchero, there was a section in the grammar dedicated to etymological notes and tentative proposals of a Modern Indo-European lexicon based on modern European words. Most of these examples are outdated, since the aim of the project today is to look for an actual Late Proto-Indo-European reconstruction (with emphasis on North-West Indo-European). Nevertheless, the notes are a good example of the potential of back-translation of common modern Indo-European words:
Etymological Notes in PDF (or read HTML) of A Grammar of Modern Indo-European, First Edition.
Latest Revisions of the Indo-European lexicon
You can share comments and corrections of any kind in form (spelling, expressions, sources) or content directly with the author at [email protected], or you can share them publicly in the appropriate forum thread for discussion. Changes will be made as soon as possible after notification:
- Feb 2021:: (v. 8) New words. Additions and corrections to the old data.
- Dec 2019:: (v. 7) New words. Additions and corrections to the old data.
- May 2017:: (v. 6) New words. Additions and corrections to the old data.
- 1 Oct 2012:: (v. 5) New words. Additions and corrections to the old data.
- 3 May 2011:: (v. 4) New words. Additions and corrections to the old data.
- 01 Oct 2009 :: (v. 3) New words. Additions and corrections to the old data.
- 09 Jan 2009 :: (v. 2) Full revision of the vocabulary.